Development status of flat glass industry in the h

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Development status of the world's flat glass industry

1. output and demand

in 2001, the world's flat glass output was about 33.1 million tons. Among them, Western Europe accounts for 27%, about 8.94 million tons; Eastern Europe accounts for 5%, about 1.65 million tons; North America accounts for 23%, about 7.61 million tons; China accounts for 30.8%, about 10.2 million tons (204 million weight boxes); Japan accounts for 11%, about 3.64 million tons; Africa and the Middle East account for 3%, about 990000 tons. From 1999 to 2001, the average annual growth rate of the world's flat glass production was 2.5%. Affected by the world economic recession, the growth rate of world flat glass is expected to be between 1.8% and 2.0% in 2002. However, the growth rate of some developing countries (such as China, India and Indonesia) will remain at a high level. In the middle and late 20th century, the average annual demand growth rate of flat glass in Western European countries, the United States and Japan was 4%. A large number of raw glass was used in the deep-processing glass industry (including automotive glass, glass curtain wall, etc.)

glass produced in developing countries is mainly used in construction, with an average annual demand growth rate of more than 8%. In the past 10 years, the world's flat glass production technology has developed very rapidly. Although there is no major breakthrough in the production process, the production scale is constantly expanding, and the float glass production line with a daily melting capacity of 700 ~ 800 tons has been very common. Since the end of 1999, the world flat glass market has shown signs of oversupply. In 2001, the demand for flat glass in the world with "printing materials" such as liquid or powder in printers was about 31.5 million tons, accounting for 95% of the total output, and there was about 1.6 million tons of inventory. Therefore, the competition in the world flat glass market is quite fierce. In 1999, the price of flat glass on the international market was 400 US dollars/ton, but now it has been reduced to 380 US dollars/ton, and the price has decreased by 5%. In 2000, the export volume of float glass in China was 39.9934 million square meters, the export amount was 128.096 million US dollars, and the unit price was 3.20 US dollars/square meter; In 2001, the export volume of float glass in China was 40.56 million square meters, the export amount was 121.16 million US dollars, and the unit price was 2.98 US dollars/square meter. The price decreased by 6.9%, which is larger than the price decline in the international market. Compared with similar products in the international market, the original price of our products is low. If we fight a price war in the international market for a long time, it will be very detrimental to the sustainable development of our flat glass industry

2. Distribution of float glass production lines built in the world

by the end of 2001, parents had designed about 280 float glass production lines in various regions of the world, including about 130 in Asia, 79 in Europe, 56 in North America, 10 in South America, and 5 in Africa and Oceania. The total daily melting capacity of 280 float lines is about 130000 tons, and the annual output can reach more than 36million tons. At present, the average daily melting capacity of float glass production lines in developed countries is 550 tons, while that in China is 430 tons, which still lags behind that in developed countries. At the end of 2000, there were 69 float lines in operation in Chinese Mainland (including 8 imported production lines). In 2001, 29 float lines were planned to be put into operation, and 12 were completed and put into operation, especially when lithium manganate batteries were used in logistics vehicles. At present, China's float lines account for 29% of the world's total

3. The world's five major glass companies

at present, the glass and glass processing industry is monopolized by the five major glass companies in the international market, and the glass production capacity of the five major companies accounts for 61% of the world's total, of which the Japanese Asahi subsidiary accounts for 18%, the British Pilkington company accounts for 12%, the American PPG company accounts for 11%, the French Saint Gobain company accounts for 11%, and the American Cardian company accounts for 9%. Among them, asahi-tech subsidiary of Japan and Saint Gobain group of France have ranked among the world's top 500 by virtue of their comprehensive strength. In particular, asahi-tech subsidiary of Japan has entered the top 500 by glass production alone. Asahi's subsidiary ranks first among the five major companies in the world glass industry. In addition to having five float production lines in Japan, the company also has 27 float production lines in Europe, Asia, South America and North America in the form of acquisition, holding, sole proprietorship, joint venture and other forms (including one in China), accounting for about 20% of the world market share. The annual sales volume is up to 2.4 billion US dollars. Pilkington company ranks second among the five largest companies in the world glass industry, with about 33 float lines in the UK and around the world. The company has three joint venture float glass production lines in China, one of which is under construction. In 2001, the company acquired Guangdong float glass company, a joint venture of PPG in China, making it a multinational company with four float lines for some manufacturers in the current market in China. The United States is one of the largest glass industry countries in the world

at present, there are 45 float lines in the United States, of which PPG has 18, Cardian has 20, and the rest are owned by Rauf, Ford, etc. PPG ranked third among the world's five major companies, and Cardian ranked fifth. PPG's annual sales reached US $2.52 billion at the peak, and cadion's annual sales were about US $2 billion. Founded in 1665, Saint Gobain of France is currently the second largest glass company in Europe, with an annual sales volume of about US $2billion. It now has 15 float lines, including 10 overseas holding lines. In 2001, the world trade volume (export) of flat glass and processed glass was about 5.25 million tons, with a trade volume of about 9billion US dollars. The above five companies monopolize 80% of the international market share and 61% of the production of flat glass

at present, the competition among the world's multinational glass groups is relatively fierce. In the competition, the general trend is to restructure assets, acquire, control shares and increase investment in developing countries. There are both competition and cooperation between them. The overall goal is to continue to maintain their hegemony in the world. In the next five years, the world glass production and market pattern will still be monopolized by the five major multinational companies

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