Thoughts on the most popular printing industry in

2022-09-22
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On the eve of the seventh world printing conference in Beijing, Yu Yongzhan, deputy director of the publishing administration, said in an interview that China's printing industry has been cleaned up and rectified, the industrial structure has been optimized, the overall quality has also been improved to a certain extent, the scale and level of enterprises have been raised to a higher level, and an industrial system with complete product categories, the common development of various ownership components, and the simultaneous development of large, medium and small enterprises has initially formed, It has become an important industry serving the construction of socialist material civilization and spiritual civilization. However, there is no denying that the problems of low-level repeated construction, backward enterprise management, low labor productivity and low product quality in China's printing industry are still prominent. These problems perplex our printing industry, as is the case in the whole country, the 12 provinces, cities and autonomous regions in the western development, and so is Guangxi

after more than 20 years of reform and opening up, Guangxi's printing industry has developed greatly. In the early 1990s, we bid farewell to "lead and fire", ushered in "light and electricity", realized the 16 character policy of "Laser Phototypesetting, electronic color separation, offset printing, bookbinding linkage", and established a printing system with a complete range of paper, plastic and iron printing, such as color newspaper printing, book printing, packaging and decoration printing. Audio visual and electronic publications are starting. In order to conscientiously implement the requirements of "strengthening management, optimizing structure and improving quality" put forward by the 15th National Congress of the Communist Party of China for publishing, Guangxi Publishing Bureau has determined to build "one boutique base and four backbone enterprises" for book printing, and has made great efforts in technological transformation. One boutique base is Guangxi national printing factory, and the four backbone enterprises are Guangxi Xinhua printing factory, Liuzhou printing factory, Guilin printing factory and Yulin Zhengtai color printing and packaging company. During the Ninth Five Year Plan period, Guangxi national printing factory invested 66.1 million yuan in technological transformation. Prepress, printing and post press processing equipment are almost all imported equipment, including the prepress graphic plate making system of cleorsay angel, the Heidelberg printing system, and the Colbus fine and paperback binding production line. The equipment of Guangxi national printing factory is no less than that of Hong Kong and Shenzhen printing enterprises. The four backbone enterprises also invested 43.14 million yuan in technical equipment transformation. The scale and level of Guangxi's printing industry have reached a new level. However, Guangxi's printing industry as a whole is still in trouble. The state-owned printing enterprises above the county level, including the national and provincial designated printing industry of books and periodicals, are underemployed and have long relied on Printing teaching materials. Some of them can't afford to pay their staff salaries and face bankruptcy. A large number of high-end books and picture albums are still flowing out of Shenzhen and Hong Kong for printing. Administrative intervention is useless, and they still have to issue letters of introduction for provincial printing

the difficulties faced by the printing industry will further expand

with the deepening of reform and the separation of government and enterprises, state-owned printing enterprises, especially those directly under the Provincial Publishing Bureau, are facing "weaning", and enterprises have to face the market

as a state-owned designated printing enterprise of large and medium-sized books and periodicals, primary and secondary school textbooks that have long relied on Printing will undergo major reforms. The publishing, printing and distribution of textbooks will introduce a competitive mechanism and implement public bidding. The provision that textbooks cannot be collected and distributed across provinces is broken in the supply of textbooks. Primary and secondary school textbooks implement one outline and multiple textbooks, which are selected by the school. Now, some people advocate the repeated use of teaching materials, that is, the teaching materials read by the senior grade are left for the junior grade to use, which not only saves money and paper, but also teaches students to cherish teaching materials. The education department has begun to try out this initiative in some places. At that time, the printing volume of textbooks will be reduced. What can we do without so many tasks

the situation facing the printing industry is severe. If we cannot get out of this dilemma, we will not only not be able to seize the development opportunities of the western development, but also become a problem of survival. We will be eliminated by fierce market competition, and will be abandoned by the rapid development of science and technology and new printing technology, not to mention meeting the challenges of China's entry into the WTO, not to mention meeting the challenges of the knowledge economy to the printing industry in the 21st century

the key for the printing industry to get out of trouble is to deepen reform. Our view is:

first of all, the government should change its functions, strengthen the macro-control of the printing industrial structure, adjust the total amount of printing enterprises, and provide classified guidance, so as to solve the low-level repeated establishment of printing enterprises, the overall level is backward, and the competition order is chaotic, so as to promote the upgrading of the printing industrial structure as soon as possible

the second is to vigorously develop the joint-stock and mixed ownership economy in the printing industry, strengthen the combination (Group), and reorganize and merge enterprises to make them specialized, featured and refined. It can also introduce foreign capital or absorb social funds to diversify ownership. Under the circumstances of financial difficulties, Sino foreign joint venture is an effective method for Xihe printing enterprises

last year, our Guangxi Association for Indian affairs organized member units to visit and study in Guangdong and Shenzhen. This year, we also organized visits to Shanghai and Jiangsu. The Sino foreign joint venture printing enterprises we saw were full of vitality and showed strong vitality

third, the focus of the adjustment of the printing industry structure should be on accelerating the progress of flexible packaging technology, requiring the multi-purpose of one tensile machine, and striving to improve the scientific and technological content of enterprises. The 7th world printing conference high level forum and the 5th Beijing International Printing Technology Exhibition held in Beijing on May 21 showed the trend of world printing technology. Digitalization, networking, cross media, short edition and personalization are the inevitable way for the development of printing. Today, we are talking about the development of Western printing industry. If we still rely on the low-tech and labor-intensive industrial structure, we can't get rid of the backward situation in the end

fourth, within the printing enterprise, we should establish a modern enterprise system, introduce foreign advanced management experience, and boldly carry out personnel, labor, and distribution system reforms. We can also give full play to the innovation and vitality of the enterprise and the enthusiasm of employees

everyone said that the printing quality in Shenzhen was good, and the mainland products were all printed in Shenzhen. A considerable number of printing workers in Shenzhen printing enterprises go to Guangxi, Shanghai and Guangdong. The same person and the same equipment can print good quality in Shenzhen, but not in the mainland. The key lies in the mechanism

in a word, the deepening reform of printing enterprises should strive to make efforts in changing ideas, system innovation, mechanism transformation, scientific and technological progress, talent training and so on. Only in this way can we have high-quality products, high-quality services, short printing cycles, and high economic benefits, so as to get out of the dilemma, seize the opportunity of the western development, meet the challenges of China's entry into the WTO, and meet the challenges of the knowledge economy to the printing industry in the 21st century

Guangxi is located in the southern Xinjiang of the motherland, along the border, coast and river. The Nanning Kunming railway has been completed and opened to traffic, and Guangxi has become a major channel to the sea in the southwest. Guiyang Kunming Nanning is the economic cooperation zone of the national western development. We hope that the printing industry of the 12 western provinces, cities and autonomous regions will work together to strengthen exchanges and cooperation, so as to contribute to the prosperity and economic development of the printing industry in the west, which has weak innovation ability and insufficient supply of effective achievements

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